Artificial Intelligence is nothing but the ability of the digital computer or the computer-controlled robot just to perform the tasks which are commonly associated with the intelligent begins. Mostly this term has been applied to the project of the developing systems which are endowed with intellectual processes characteristic of humans, like the ability to the reason, generalize, discover the meaning or learn from the past experience. At the time when the development of the digital computer in the 1940s, In that case, it has been demonstrated that computers can able to programmed just carry out the very complex tasks, Such as discovering proofs for the mathematical theorems or playing the chess with an great proficiency. And also there is the despite which is continuing advances in the computer processing speed and also memory capacity. And also there are no programs that can match human flexibility over the wider domains or in tasks that require much knowledge every day. In another hand they are few programs which have been attained the performance levels of the human professionals and experts in performing certain special tasks, In that case, artificial intelligence in this limited sense is found in applications as diverse as computer search engines, medical diagnosis, and also voice or handwriting recognition.
Artificial Intelligence can able to categorize as weak or strong, Generally, Weak Artificial Intelligence is nothing but a narrow Artificial Intelligence, which is an Artificial intelligence that is designed and trained for a particular task. And also the virtual personal assistants like Apple Siri are a form of weak Artificial Intelligence. Most importantly strong Artificial Intelligence is nothing but artificial intelligence which is an AI system including generalized human cognitive abilities. At the time when it was presented with an unfamiliar task and a strong AI system that can able to find a solution without any human intervention.
Due to the hardware, software and also staffing costs for an Artificial intelligence can be expensive, Many of the vendors including AI components in their standard offerings and also access to Artificial Intelligence as a service platform. AI as the service which allows the individual companies just to experiment with an AI for different business purposes and also sample multiple platforms when they are going to make a commitment. Most famous AI cloud offerings with Amazon AI services, IBM Watson assistant, Microsoft cognitive services and also the Google AI services.
Various Types Of The Artificial Intelligence:
- Reactive Machines: For example Deep Blue, In the 1990s IBM chess program which beats Kasparov. Deep Blue can able to identify the pieces which are on the chessboard and also make the predictions, But it doesn’t have any memory and also it unable to use past experience just to inform the future ones, And also it can able to analyzes the possible moves which are it’s own and it’s opponent and also chooses the most strategic move. Most importantly these Deep Blue and also Google’s AlphaGO have been designed just for narrow purposes and also it is not easy to be applied to another situation.
- Limited Memory: Usually these AI systems can able to use past experiences just to inform future decisions, And also some of these decision-making functions in self-driving cars are used to design in this way. The observations inform actions which are happening in the not-so-distant future, like a car changing lanes. mostly these observations are unable to stored permanently.
- Theory of mind: This is a psychology term used to refer to the understanding when others don’t have their own beliefs, desires and also intentions which impact the decisions they make, and also this kind of Artificial Intelligence unable to exist.
- Self-awareness: In this type of category, Artificial intelligence systems have a sense of self, and. also consciousness. Most importantly self-awareness used to understand the current state and able to use the information just to infer in which way others are feeling. These types of Artificial Intelligence never exist.
- Machine Learning
- Machine Vision
- Natural Language Processing
- Self-driving cars
Major Applications For An Artificial Intelligence:
- Artificial Intelligence in health care.
- Artificial Intelligence in business.
- Artificial Intelligence in education.
- Artificial Intelligence in finance
- Artificial Intelligence in law
- Artificial Intelligence is also used in an manufacturing.
Ethical Concerns and Security Of Artificial Intelligence:
Mostly the application of Artificial Intelligence in the realm of self-driving which raises security and also ethical concerns. In such cases, cars can be able to hack and mostly when an autonomous vehicle is involved in an accident, liability is will be unclear. Mostly autonomous vehicles will be put in a position at the time when the action is unavoided. And also forcing the programming which is used to make an ethical decision nothing but how to minimize the damage.
Most importantly the major concern is nothing but the potential for abuse of Artificial intelligence tools, Mostly hackers are starting to use the sophisticated machine learning tools which are used to gain the access to an sensitive systems, complicating the problem of security beyond its current state.
And also the deep learning-based audio and video generation tool which is also presented bad actors including the tools necessary just to create which is called deepfakes, and also convincingly fabricated videos of the public figures saying or doing things which never took any place.
Artificial Intelligence is nothing but the simulation of the human intelligence process by an machines, most importantly the computer systems. These processes are including with learning, reasoning and also self-correction.